The Tyumen Region and the Town of Ishim
1. The Tyumen Region is situated in West Siberia.
2. It was founded on the 14th of August, 1944.
3. The territory of the Region is 1, 5 mln square kilometers and the population is over 3 mln people.
4. There are about 450.000 lakes and a great number of rivers I. Translate from English into Russian..
5. The main rivers are the Ob, the Irtysh, the Tobol, the Ishim.
6. There are two autonomous areas, 38 districts and 26 towns in our Region.
7. The largest towns are Tyumen, Tobolsk, Surgut, Ishim.
8. Nowadays Tyumen is the regional, industrial, scientific, educational and cultural centre with the population over 500.000 people.
9. The main I. Translate from English into Russian. natural resources are oil and natural gas.
10. Engineering, timber-chemical, fish, food and building-materials industries are developed here.
11. The climate of the Region is rather severe.
12. There are many historical and cultural places in the Tyumen Region.
13. The most unique are the Tobolsk Kremlin and the Abalak Monastery I. Translate from English into Russian..
14. I live in the southern part of it, in the town of Ishim.
15. It was founded as a village of Corkina Sloboda in 1670 and was renamed into the town of Ishim in 1782 by the order of Catherine the Second.
16. Ishim is an agricultural centre of the Tyumen Region.
17. Nowadays food, machine-building I. Translate from English into Russian. and light industries are leading branches of the town’s economy.
18. There are three museums, some churches, many historical buildings and several monuments.
19. They are: the Monument to the Soldiers lost during the Great Patriotic War, the monuments to Alexander Odoevsky and Praskovia Lupolova, the old building of I. Translate from English into Russian. the Teachers Training Institute, etc.
20. Our town is connected with the names of the great storyteller Pyotr Ershov, the author of the project of the unique Ostankino television tower Nickolai Nikitin, the gymnast, World and Olympic champion Boris Shakhlin.
|situated territory population lake a great number river autonomous area district I. Translate from English into Russian. town educational natural resources oil natural gas engineering timber-chemical building-materials industry climate severe unique monastery||village to rename by the order an agricultural centre machine-building light industry branch church monument the Monument to the Soldiers lost during the Great Patriotic War to connect with I. Translate from English into Russian. storyteller project gymnast champion|
|leather goods – изделия из кожи|
|motorway – автострада|
|steam boat – пароход|
|bridge – мост|
|extensive – широкий|
|petroleum – нефть|
|considerably – существенно|
|inhabitants – обитатели|
I. Translate from English into Russian.
1) administrative centre
2) Trans-Siberian railway
4) large industrial centre
7) scientific organizations
8) the Drama and Comedy Theatre
9) the Puppet Theatre
Tyumen is an administrative centre of I. Translate from English into Russian. the Tyumen Region. Tyumen was the first Russian town in Siberia, founded in 1586 on the site of the Tatar town of Chingi-Tura by Feodor I. In the 17th-18th centuries Tyumen became an important trade center, as well as an important leather goods and handicraft making town. In 1836 the I. Translate from English into Russian. first steam boat of Siberia was built in Tyumen and in 1885 the town was reached by Trans-Siberian railway. On August 14, 1944 Tyumen became the capital of an extensive Tyumen Region. Modern Tyumen is the large industrial centre, the city of science, culture and sports. During last years the city I. Translate from English into Russian. has considerably changed. There appeared new micro-districts; motorways and bridges were built here. Petroleum and gas are the basis for the development of scientific organizations in the city. The inhabitants of Tyumen are proud of the Drama and Comedy Theatre, their Puppet Theatre and others.
II. Find out I. Translate from English into Russian. if the following statements are true or false.
A. Tyumen was founded in 1586 on the site of the Tatar town of Chingi-Tura by Feodor I.
B. In 1854 the first steam boat of Siberia was built in Tyumen.
C. Non-ferrous metals and gas are the basis for the development of I. Translate from English into Russian. scientific organizations in the city.
D. The inhabitants of Tyumen are proud of the Drama and Comedy Theatre, their Puppet Theatre and others.
E. In 1785 the town was reached by Trans-Siberian railway.
THE IRON SHAKHLIN
(Excerpts from the book of Boris Shakhlin “My Gymnastics”)
to look – глядеть; to I. Translate from English into Russian. look after – присматривать, хлопотать; to look back – оглядываться; to look for – находить; to look through – просматривать что-либо
to head – возглавлять; to be headed by – под управлением
slim – стройный
adroit – ловкий; adroitness – ловкость
to go in for – заниматься (спортом); to go on – продолжать; to go away – уходить; to go back – ворачиваться
to make up one’s mind – решать I. Translate from English into Russian.; to make up with – мириться; to make off – убежать
trainer – тренер; to train – тренировать; training – тренировка
to earn one’s living – зарабатывать на жизнь; earnings – заработок
to take – брать, захватить; to take part in – учавствовать; to take victory – одержать победу; to take place – проводиться
all-round champion – абсолютный фаворит
performance – упражнение, представление; to perform– демонстрировать упражнения, представлять
to be acknowledged – быть I. Translate from English into Russian. общепризнанным, считаться
When I was twelve years old, I occurred to be an absolute orphan, together with my elder brother Arkady. There was no one to look after us. In autumn of 1944 my friend took me to the children’s спорт school, headed by Vasily Porferyev. I joined the junior group of I. Translate from English into Russian. gymnasts. During the first couple of years I became slimmer, more adroit and more flexible. In two more years my trainer said that I should continue to go in for gymnastics. It was exactly what I wanted.
For many times I won the competitions in my native Ishim, but I I. Translate from English into Russian. had to leave it one day. I went to Sverdlovsk and entered the college of Physical Culture as I had мейд up my mind to become a pedagogue. There I met my second trainer - Eduard Rung, who taught me to plan the lessons and to train the I. Translate from English into Russian. pupils. To earn my living I had to combine the studies and the work оf a trainer. Being sixteen years old I led the team of Politechnical School which won the championship of Sverdlovsk. This achievement is still the most important in my career.
Then I entered the Acadcmy I. Translate from English into Russian. of Physical Culture in Kiev and met a new trainer - Alexander Mishakov. In 1952 I became the Master of Sports and in 1954 joined the national team of the USSR, to take part in the World Championship in Rome. There our team was the best one and got victory very easily and I. Translate from English into Russian. I won a silver medal on horizontal bar. I was eager to prove myself that it had happened not by chance and took a golden medal of the all-round champion of the USSR the same year.
In 1955, the European Championship was held in Germany. There I was the I. Translate from English into Russian. best on horse, and on horizontal bar I shared a golden medal with another sportsman. In Moscow at the railway station my friends celebrated me with getting a title of Merited Master of Sports of the USSR. In 1956 at the 16th Olympic Games in Melbourne our gymnastic team I. Translate from English into Russian. was the best of all. I won a golden medal for the swinings on horse.
The 14th World Championship took place in Moscow. The fate of the medal and all-round world champion title became clear very quickly as my result was the best one.
They often ask I. Translate from English into Russian. me what was the most difficult in my спорт life. I know the answer. It happened at the 17lh Olympic Games in Rome. The gymnasts of Japan always observed our performances very thoroughly and learnt from them, so at the Olympic Games they won in all the kinds of I. Translate from English into Russian. compulsory exercises but there were voluntary exercises and our team was to perform earlier than that of Japan. We had done our best and won. From that Olympics I have a medal of an all round champion, a silver medal on rings, and a golden medal for the exercises on I. Translate from English into Russian. bars and besides I became the third on horizontal bar.
The 18th Olympics were held in Tokyo. From there we took both the team and the individual second prize in competitions. As for me, I got there a bronze medal on rings and a golden medal on horizontal bar.
It was I. Translate from English into Russian. my sixth golden medal for three Olympic Games. In fact it sounds magically but I have six golden medals from the Olympic Games, six from the World and European Championships and six golden medals of an absolute champion of our country.
So my спорт life was over I. Translate from English into Russian.. I began to work at the Kiev Academy of Physical Culture and was acknowledged as international class referee and a member of the Technical Committee ofthe International Federation of Gymnastics. It gives me a great pleasure to watch the gymnastic performances as I always recall the happiness of my I. Translate from English into Russian. own victories at such moments.
I. Match the words from two columns into pairs of synonyms.
a) to look after, to head, junior.
b) to lead, primary, to bring up
a) to join, flexible, to continue
b) to go on, supple, to enter
a) to leave, to go in for, trainer
b I. Translate from English into Russian.) coach, to go away, to deal with
a) competition, to win, to train
b) championship, to teach, to conquer
a) to decide, lesson, achievement
b) study, success, to make up one’s mind
a) to be eager, to get victory, by chance
b) to be the best, to want, accidentally
a) sportsman, to celebrate, title
b) to congratulate I. Translate from English into Russian., rank, athlete
a) compulsory, voluntary, victor
b) optional, winner, obligatory
II. Change the marked words with the corresponding ones from the right column.